Choi, Mi-Ran; Do, Le Thanh; Chung, Yong-Hoon; Yoo, Hoon; Yu, Rina (2015) Antioxidative Activity of Platinum Nanocolloid and Its Protective Effect Against Chemical-Induced Hepatic Cellular Damage, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 15(8):5571-5576.
Võ Thị Phúc Diễm, Nguyễn Thị Chi Phương, Lưu Thị Huyền Trang, Nguyễn Thành Trung (2015) Tuyển chọn vi khuẩn vùng rễ kích thích cây trồng chịu mặn. Tạp chí khoa học và công nghệ, Đại học Duy Tân. 1(14): 1-9
TiO2 has gained tremendous attention as a cutting-edge material for application in photocatalysis. The performance of TiO2 as a photocatalyst depends on various parameters including morphology, surface area, and crystallinity. Although TiO2 has shown good catalytic activity in various catalysis systems, the performance of TiO2 as a photocatalyst is generally limited due to its low conductivity and a wide optical bandgap. Numerous different studies have been devoted to overcome these problems, showing significant improvement in photocatalytic performance. In this study, we summarize the recent progress in the utilization of TiO2 for the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Strategies for modulating the properties toward the high photocatalytic activity of TiO2 for HER including structural engineering, compositional engineering, and doping are highlighted and discussed. The advantages and limitations of each modification approach are reviewed. Finally, the remaining obstacles and perspective for the development of TiO2 as photocatalysts toward high efficient HER in the near future are also provided.
A two-stage treatment system that included vertical flow (VF) and free-water surface (FWS) constructed wetlands was investigated for the dual purposes of sewage treatment and reuse. The VF included four layers (biochar, sand, gravel, and sandy soil), and the FWS was installed after the VF and used as a polishing tank. Two types of local plants, namely Colocasia esculenta and Canna indica, were planted in the VF and FWS, respectively. The system operated for approximately six months, and the experimental period was categorized into four stages that corresponded to changes in the hydraulic loading rate (HLR) (0.02–0.12 m/d). The removal efficiencies for total suspended solids (TSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD5), ammonia (NH4-N), and total coliform (Tcol) were 71 ± 11%, 73 ± 13%, 79 ± 11%, 91 ± 3%, and 70 ± 20%, respectively. At HLRs of 0.04–0.06 m/d, the COD and BOD5 levels satisfied Vietnam's irrigation standards, with removable rates of 64% and 88%, respectively, and the TSS and Tcol levels satisfied Vietnam's standards for potable water. Furthermore, the NO3-N levels satisfied the reuse limits, whereas the NH4-N levels exceeded the reuse standards. At high HLRs (e.g., 0.12 m/d), all the effluent parameters, except Tcol and NO3-N, exceeded the standards.
With the large near-infrared (NIR) absorption and the high NIR photothermal effect, gold nanostar (AuNS) has potential application in the biomedical field. However, the complicated synthesis process with toxic precursors is a serious issue for its practice. Herein, we reported a novel green synthesis procedure using chitosan polymer from marine and vitamin C for the preparation of AuNS. For the first time, chitosan was used as a stabilizer, shape-directing, and size-controllable agents for the preparation of AuNS. The size of the obtained AuNS ranged from 111 to 225 nm with different λmax. The AuNS exhibited near-infrared absorption with the excellent biocompatibility toward non-cancerous cell line (MG63) and cancerous cell line (MDA-MB-231). The in vitro photothermal therapy and photoacoustic imaging with assisting of obtained AuNS were also proved the high efficiency of these nanoparticles.
Wound infection is a big issue of modern medicine because of multi-drug resistance bacteria; thus, developing an advanced therapy is curial. Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a newly noninvasive strategy that employs PTT agents to transfer near-infrared (NIR) light energy into heat to kill bacterial pathogens. In this work, the PTT agent-containing dressing was developed for the first time to treat the wound infection. Palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) were chosen as PTT agents because of their high stability, good biocompatibility, excellent photothermal property, and simple-green preparation. With the flexibility and wettability, highly porous membrane chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol (CS/PVA) membrane was chosen as the dressing. The prepared wound dressings exhibited excellent biocompatibility, high porosity, a high degree of swelling, high moisture retention, and high photothermal performance. The treatment of PdNPs loading CS/PVA dressing (CS/PVA/Pd) and laser irradiation killed most of the bacteria in vitro. The proposed PTT agent containing wound dressing introduces a novel strategy for the treatment of wound infection.