Hai Hoang1,2 and Guillaume Galliero1,*
1Laboratoire des Fluides Complexes et leurs Réservoirs (UMR-5150 with CNRS and TOTAL), Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, BP 1155, 64013 Pau Cedex, France
2Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam
In this article, the coupling between swelling and shear in liquid saturated slit nanopores is studied using molecular dynamics simulations on Lennard-Jones systems. First, the consistency of the simulations using thermodynamics and direct routes is validated when dealing separately with swelling and shear. Then, the coupling between swelling and shear is explored by displacing the solid walls in one direction while letting them move freely on the other. Results indicate that shear can induce swelling and vice versa because of the confined fluid phase structure. This phenomenon, which is neglected in poromechanics modeling, may be non-negligible in highly structured microporous systems, such as clays. It implies that the response to a variation in the external load can be a combination of volumetric and shear deformations, because of the fluid. Finally, we explore the behavior induced by solid walls moving at a constant velocity. Interestingly, when the wall velocity exceeds the swelling velocity, the instantaneous states of the system are no longer at equilibrium and the averaged pore width slightly increases with increasing shear rate.